Summarize the development of the Persian (Achaemenids Empire
A man named Cyrus became king of the Persian tribes, and began conquering many powerful kingdoms. He conquered Iran, the kingdom of Lydia in Anatolia, Babylonia, and in twenty years became the ruler of an empire that went from India all the way to the borders of Egypt. He was to organize a campaign against Egypt, however he was wounded protecting the northeastern frontier from nomadic raiders and died. His son, Cambyses conquered Egypt and brought wealth to the Persian empire. Darius captured the northern Indian kingdom of Gandhara, Thrace, Macedonia and the western coast of the Black Sea. After he became powerful, he built a new capital at Persepolis, near Pasargadae. He organized military forces, standardized laws, and taxes. The Achaemendid ruler built a road from the Aegean Sea to Susa in Iran. They improved routes, which improved communication and allowed trade.
Analyze the Administrative Techniques and Economy of the Persians
Agriculture was as big part of Persia’s economy. Barley and wheat were the most commonly grown grains. They sold their crops in the cities or distributed it to state servants. The produce was also distributed by officials to the imperial staff as wages. Long-distance trade routes, including highways, sea routes through theRed Sea, Persian Gulf and Arabian Sea were established. Banks and homes invested in commercial ventures, and as trade grew, special products were supplied to the larger imperial economy.
Summarize the Development and Values of Zoroastrianism
Zoroastrianism emerged from the teachings of Zarathustra, who believed he had experienced visions from Ahura Mazda to serve as a prophet and spread his message. The magi orally transmitted the Zoroastrian teachings and preserved religious texts. Zarathustra’s teachings attracted many followers, mostly Persian aristocrats and ruling elites. Zoroastrian religion values truth, charity, purity, and dignity of labor.